Symptoms, Types and Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are also termed as “Piles” which are the swollen veins located in the anus and the lower rectum area. It is similar to the issue of varicose veins. Hemorrhoids come along with an array of causal factors, however, most of the time the cause of this issue is unknown. Hemorrhoids often result from heavy straining during the bowel movements. Hemorrhoids could also be caused due to an increased pressure being applied on the veins when you are pregnant. There are two types of hemorrhoids. The first kind is termed as internal hemorrhoids which are generally located inside our rectum; the second kind is termed as external hemorrhoids which tend to develop externally under anal skin.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

The symptoms shown by hemorrhoids depend on the location of the same. However, the general symptoms reflected by the hemorrhoids include:

  • Bleeding that is painless often seen during the bowel movement. You might also notice brightly colored red blood in minuscule amount present on the tissue used by you or in the toilet bowl.
  • Irritation or itching in the anal region.
  • Discomfort or pain.
  • Prolonged swelling around the anus.
  • Lump is formed near the anus which can be painful or sensitive (It may be thrombosed hemorrhoid).

Types of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can basically be divided into three categories, the third being a resultant of extra pressure or straining on external hemorrhoids.

  • Internal Hemorrhoids:

Internal hemorrhoids can’t be seen or felt and generally they do not cause any kind of discomfort. However, excess irritation or straining while passing stool tends to damage the surface of the hemorrhoid that causes bleeding. Straining can also push the internal hemorrhoid via our anal opening leading to what we call as prolapsed or protruding hemorrhoid that lead to irritation and pain.

  • External Hemorrhoids:

External Hemorrhoids often from under anal skin which when irritated due to excessive straining or bowel movement can lead to bleeding or itching.

  • Thrombosed Hemorrhoids:

In certain cases, the blood might pool inside the external hemorrhoid causing the formation of a clot which is also termed as thrombus. This often causes severe pain, inflammation, swelling along with the formation of hard lump close to the anus.

You can opt to cure piles permanently by opting for a surgical procedure to remove the hemorrhoid or following a better lifestyle with proper diet and exercise to get back to normal condition and pain-free bowels.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

To treat piles, you need to understand its causes which include:

  • Excess straining during the bowel movements
  • Sitting at a single place constantly for long periods, especially on the toilet
  • Constipation or Chronic Diarrhea
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Anal Intercourse
  • Diet that is low in fiber content

The best way to avoid the onset of hemorrhoids is to opt for:

  • Consumption of fiber-rich food
  • Drinking a lot of water or similar fluids
  • Fiber supplements
  • Refrain from excess straining
  • Do not try to pause your natural bowel movement. Go instantly when you feel the pressure.
  • Exercise well

Avoid sitting for long durations

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